District Municipality: Umzinyathi District Municipality
Also see the neighbouring
The routes to the Kranskop area meander through valleys and mountains with high cliffs. The Kranskop peak (Ntunjambili) is 1'175m high. The village is about 15Km from the Tugela River, which is north of the town. The Tugela River Valley lies about 700m below the peak. Just about 5Km southwest on the R74 lies Hermannsburg.
Ntunjambili / Kranskop
The museum, a national monument, is housed in one of the original buildings erected by the Lutheran Mission around 1854.
This church, with its steep roof and bell tower, was built in 1870 and is a national monument.
The area offers Fishing, Golfing, Hiking, Hunting, 4x4 Trails.
An annual sporting event, The Mudman, consists of running, cycling, and swimming.
There are Hot Mineral Springs in the area, such as Lilani Hot Springs.
There are several game reserves in the area. Game viewing can be done.
Some of the bird species in the area are: black eagle, rock kestrel, white-necked raven, lanner falcon, rock pigeon, red winged starling, alpine and black swift, lesser- and larger-striped swallow.
The Kranskop Peak, called Ntunjambili by the locals, is 1'175m high and overlooks the Tugela River valley. The complete local name is Itshe Lika Ntunjambili (Zulu for Rock With Two Openings).
The first European to ascend to its summit was Captain AM Montgomery (of the royal fusiliers) during the Anglo-Zulu War.
San/Bushman Rock Art can be viewed.
Local Arts and Crafts are for sale.
There are several sites of historical significance where battles have been fought.
Rock paintings in the area suggest that the San/Bushman were the first settlers of the area.
Zulu tribes were settled in the area by the time the German Lutheran Church established a mission and school in 1854. In the early 1850s a group of 8 missionaries and 8 lay helper immigrants arrived from Osnabruck (Germany) and settled in the area under the leadership of the Reverend Bergtheil. They were from the Hermannsburg Mission Society in Germany and they first tried to settle in Ethopia, but finally settled here. The Germans and Zulu worshipped together, but this failed as the locals could not speak Zulu, and the Zulu could not speak German. Over time more immigrants from Germany settled in the area. There is still a large German speaking community in the area, who are descendents of those early Germans. In 1858 Rev Schütze became the pastor of the German community.
Louis Botha who became
Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa in 1910 went to school in Hermannsburg.
During the Anglo-Boer War he was a Boer general.
Louis Botha (1862 – 1919)
Prime Minister of Transvaal 1907
Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa 1910